NASA's Juno probe has been studying Jupiter's dense atmosphere for 4 years. Thanks to her, we learned that it is an incredibly dynamically changing place. In addition to the constantly raging powerful cyclones there, gigantic lightning strikes are also created there.
Interestingly, Jupiter's storms rage in much higher parts of the atmosphere than we previously thought. They not only differ in appearance from our terrestrial ones, but also in range and generated energy.
Recently, NASA published an animation that allowed us to see them going crazy in the atmosphere, and now we can take a closer look at them. We are dealing here with the so-called sprites. Astronomers explain that lightning strikes are an extremely spectacular phenomenon on Jupiter, much more so than on our planet.
Unfortunately, in reality we are unlikely to ever be able to see them, because Jupiter has no solid surface, so there is nowhere to see them, and the atmosphere itself is an extremely dangerous place even for space probes. That is why they observe it from thousands of kilometers away.
At high altitudes, ammonia has shown to counteract freezing by reducing the melting point of ice and allowing the formation of ammonia water clouds. Falling droplets interact with ice crystals to generate electric charges.
This means that in the atmosphere of this gas giant lightning is produced in a completely different way than on Earth, because there are no clouds of ammonia water in the atmosphere of our planet. Scientists believe that new space missions to Jupiter will immortalize this phenomenon in images. According to them, they look identical to the graphics they have prepared.
Recently, NASA has published amazing images of as many as 7 cyclones swirling around the central, located at the South Pole. Scientists indicate that these phenomena are independent and will not connect with each other. The eddies created something unusual, a hexagonal formation. Together, their area is larger than our planet. The phenomenon reaches about 70 kilometers deep into Jupiter's dense atmosphere. Winds blowing in it reach 360 km / h.