The newest images come from the new Solar Telescope. Daniela K. Inouye, which was established on the island of Maui in Hawaii. Heliophysicists boast that they will now be able to monitor the processes that determine cosmic weather live. It is of great importance for the functioning of our planet, especially for space installations in Earth's orbit and for manned missions, e.g. to the International Space Station.
We are talking about images of spots that have even 2.5 times greater resolution than those that have been achieved in the entire history of observing our day star from the surface of our planet. The sunspot shown has a diameter of approximately 16,000 kilometers. Astronomers epicmovienews that the dark regions of the spot are very cool places, compared to the rest of the sun's surface. The temperature there is around 3000-4000 degrees Celsius.
Interestingly, the convection cells we can see in the second video are huge. Each of them is the size of Poland, and the smallest diameter is not less than 35 kilometers. The bright centers are places where the solar material rises upwards, while the surrounding dark bands are places where the plasma sinks, cools down and sinks. From this perspective, the appearance of the plasma is reminiscent of a honeycomb or popcorn.
Although stains and convection cells look spectacular, they are a bane for us. Powerful mass ejections lead to the formation of geomagnetic storms in the upper atmosphere of the Earth. They pose a threat to astronauts on board and on walks outside the International Space Station. Forecasting cosmic weather will be a key part of the Moon's colonization. That is why new missions aimed at observing and carefully studying our day star are so important to us.
The beginning of the 20s of the 21st century will be the golden age of research on our day star. In fact, this field of science is still in its infancy, as we have been observing the Sun closely for only a few decades. Now this will change, thanks to the latest devices, such as the Solar Telescope. Daniela K. Inouye, the Solar Orbiter probe and the Parker Solar Probe.